The history of Romanian wine

The Romanians say that wine was born in their country. And that is because, when history meets legend, the origins of Bachus, the god of wine, is on the territory of modern day Romania.

There are historical documents older than 2000 years from the local kings that talk about the cultivation of grapes and the production of wine. This tradition went on during the centuries and made the wine an essential part of the Romanian culture and way of living.

In modern times, a tipping point was the invasion of the philoxera at the end of the XIXth century, a pest that decimated a large part of the vineyards from Europe.

After the philoxera, a part of the local grape varieties were replaced with international varieties. Thatís why, in the modern times, you can find on Romanian soil international grape varieties: Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Riesling Italico, Shiraz, Chardonay, Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Noir and old Romanian varieties that have survived the invasion: Feteasca Neagra, Feteasca Regala, Feteasca Alba, Cadarca, Babeasca Neagra, Tamaioasa Romaneasca, Babeasca Gri, Zghihara de Husi, Busuioaca de Bohotin, Plavaie and Cramposie.

Between the years 1947 to 1989, because of the communist regime that excluded private property, all of the wine production of Romania belonged to the state. Starting with 1990, after the fall of the communist regime, the modern day producers appeared.

Today, Romania combines historical tradition with modern technology in order to produce distinct wines, with a strong personality, which express the uniqueness of the terroir of each major vine-growing area.



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